Adam and Eve:

  • Jewish tradition states that Adam and Eve had a total of 23 daughters and 33 sons. They had their third son when Adam was 130 years old and Adam died 800 years later, when he was 930 years old.
  • Siblings did marry. Abraham married his sister Sarah, sister from the same father but a different mother.
  • Marriage between siblings was only forbidden by Moses.
  • Lamech, descendant of Cain was the first bigamist. Bigamy was never approved by God.
  • At the end of his life, Adam lived with 8 generations.

 Noah and Naamah:

  • Noah’s grandfather was Methuselah
  • His wife was never identified in the BIBLE
  • He started work on the ark before his marriage
  • He worked on the ark for 100 years not 120 as commonly indicated
  • The flood brought the first rain and thereafter the first rainbow

Animals in the Ark:

  • Noah did not take only two of each animal into the Ark, as often mentioned, but he took seven of every clean animal and two of every unclean animal {Gen.7:2}
  • The clean animals, as identified in the Pentateuch, include the ox*, sheep, goat, deer, gazelle, roebuck, fallow deer, wild goat, the pygarg, antelope, and mountain sheep {Deut.14:4-5}. Altogether 42 animals are identified as clean. The unclean animals are listed in Deuteronomy 14:6 to 18.
  • The Hebrew word is “bakar” that refers to “cattle”, and not the modern meaning of an “adult castrated bull”.

Number of People that died in the flood

The Bible does not say how many people died during the flood, it only states that all people on earth except the eight in Noah’s ark died. They were Mr Noah, Mrs Noah, their 3 sons and their wives.

Considering the generally accepted formula for the calculation of population growth {#} conservatively, then the total population of the world at the time of the flood could have been 235 million, considering 6 children per family for 16.5 generations and the average length of a generation of 100 years. The number of children per family was probably much more and if we made a slight adjustment and accept an average of 8 children and the length of a generation of 93 years, then 137 billion people would have perished in the Flood.

#pn= (2(C[pwr(n-x+1)] (c[pwr(x)]-1)) / )C-1)

This formula {#} considers the average number of children per family (2C), the number of generations (n) and the number of generations that lives together (x) to calculate population growth.

Applying this formula to the 70 Israelites that went into Egypt with Jacob; with n=7, x=4 and c=4 results in just over 3 million. This correlates with Exodus12:37 that states 600,000 men, which can be extrapolated as 3 million men, woman and children.

The above formula readily shows the absurdity of evolutionary time scales for mankind. In one million years, if n = 23,256 generations, C = 1.25, and x = 3, the present population of the world would be

3.7 to the power of 102,091 (3.7102,091) persons.

In contrast the total number of electrons in the universe which is

3.7 to the power of 1,090 (3.71,090). and accept an average of 8 children and the length of a generation of 93 years, then 137 billion people would have perished in the Flood.


SCIENCE in the Bible

  • The stars are too many in number to count (1450-1410 BC) {Gen.15:5}; (627-585 BC) {Jer.33:22}; (64-68AD) {Heb.11:12}. This was scientifically discovered in the 19th Century AD with the advent of powerful telescopes
  • The Earth is shaped like a sphere and rotates (746 BC-680 BC) {Isa.40:22}; (60 AD) {Luke 17:34-36}. This is in contradiction of the earlier “scientific” theory that the earth was flat.
  • The sun is moving through space in a huge orbit (~1000 BC) {Psa.19:4-6}.
  • Light travels in a path, darkness does not travel at all (~2000 BC) {Job 38:19}.
  • Life is in the blood. (1450 BC-1410 BC) {Lev.17:11}.
  • Laughter can promote physical healing (950 BC-700 BC) {Prov.17:22}.
  • Depression can be harmful to your physical health (950-700 BC) {Prov.17:22}.
  • Reference to the Jet Stream (935 BC) {Eccl.1:6}.
  • Reference to the hydrological cycle (~2000 BC) {Job 36:27, 28}, (755 BC) {Amos 9:6}.
  • Air has weight (~2000 BC) {Job 28:25).
  • Dinosaurs and humans existed at the same time (1450 BC-1410 BC) {Gen.1:23-27}; (~2000 BC) {Job 40:15-24}.
  • Entropy (1000 BC) {Psa.102:25, 26}; (740-680 BC) {Isa.51:6}; (64 AD-68 AD) {Heb.1:10-11}
  • All things are made up of sub-atomic particles that are invisible to the naked eye (64 AD-68 AD) {Heb.1:10-11}.
  • Time had a beginning (63 AD) {1Tim.1:8-9}.
  • Modern communications, perhaps even satellite television broadcasts (90 AD) {Rev.11:7-11}.
  • There are springs that arise from the ocean floor (~2000 BC) {Job 38:16}.
  • Mountains and deep valleys exist on the ocean floor (~2000 BC) {Job 38:16}; (840 or 586 BC) {Jon. 2:5-6}.
  • The Bible States a number of facts which was only discovered or confirmed by science much later.

A Person’s Name

A person’s name is with him for life, so having the opportunity to assign a name is a weighty task. In the Biblical times, names were given to express something about a person, or to express something through a person. It may have been a comment on an aspect of the person’s birth (e.g. Moses = “draw out”), the function of the person (e.g. Isaiah = “the Lord saves”), to establish a religious affiliation (e.g. names ending in –iah refer to “Ya” or “Yahweh”), or affirming the solidarity of the family. Names were so important that a person’s name was even changed to indicate a new phase in his life.

Sometimes the Bible itself informs the reader what a name means. Such renowned persons as Adam, Cain, Seth, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (and his 12 sons), Perez, Peleg and Jesus all have the meaning of their name explicitly given in the Bible. Each of their names tells the individual story of why or how they were born.

This study attempts to indicate the meaning of many of the names but it must be observed that there is sometimes uncertainty about the derivation of some words in Hebrew, so that some of the names may have either of several meanings. This scroll states the meaning of a name in square brackets.


  • The great number of spiritual perfection
  • The first statement (in Hebrew) as to the original creation consists of seven words {Gen.1:1}.
  • Seven tells of the Sabbath, and marks off the week of seven days.
  • Seven completes the colours of the spectrum and rainbow.
  • The clean beasts were taken into Noah’s ark by seven {Gen.7:2}. (The others were taken by twos {Gen.6:19}.)
  • Seven steps lead up to the temple {Eze.40}.


  • The number of the Church
  • Twelve sons of Jacob (Israel) {Gen.49}
  • Twelve chargers of silver, twelve silver bowls and twelve spoons of gold for the dedication of the altar {Num.7:84}
  • Twelve baskets of bread {Mark 6:43}
  • Twelve apostles {Mat.10}
  • Twelve gates and foundations of New Jerusalem {Rev.21}
  • Twelve stars on the woman’s head {Rev.12}
  • Twice twelve, the number of the heavenly elders {Rev.4}
  • The tree of life bears twelve fold fruit {Rev.22:2}
  • The twelve apostles of “the Lamb” {Rev.21:14}
  • Twelve months in a year
  • The sun “rules” the day while the moon and stars “govern” the night by their passage through the twelve signs of the Zodiac. This completes the great circle of the heavens of 360 (12 x 30) degrees or divisions, thus governing the year.
  • The twelve Patriarchs from Seth to Noah and his family, and twelve from Shem to Jacob.


  • The length of time spent in the presence of God, forty days for an individual and forty years for a nation.
  • Forty days to test a child of God during which time no food or drink is taken.
  • Forty weeks for a child to be in the womb.
  • Jesus fasted and was tempted in the wilderness for forty days {Matt.4:2; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2}.
  • Jesus was on the earth for forty days after His resurrection {Acts 1:3}.
  • Joshua and the others searched the land for forty days {Num.14:34} when he was forty.
  • Moses was in the presence of God for forty days to receive the Ten Commandments {Exo.24}.
  • Moses spent forty years as a shepherd, forty as an Egyptian prince, and forty in the desert.
  • Elijah fasted after he ran away from persecution. He lived forty days and forty nights on the strength of bread and water that he received from an angel {1Kgs.19:8}.
  • Noah was in the protection of God while it rained forty days and forty nights {Gen.7:12}.
  • Forty lashes were the maximum punishment {Deut 25:3}.
  • The kings chosen by God reigned for forty years (for example David and Solomon).
  • A woman was unclean for forty days (7 + 33) after the birth of a son {Lev.12}.
  • Nineveh was given forty days to repent {Jon.3}.
  • Forty years for a rebellious nation after they rejected a personal visit from God.
  • Israel wandered in the desert for forty years {Num.32:13}.
  • Forty years after Christ was rejected and crucified was the temple destroyed by the Romans.
  • Israel ate manna for forty years {Exo.16:35}.
  • Israel subdued by the Philistines for forty years {Jdg. 13:1}.
  • The time that David reigned over Israel was forty years {1Kgs.2:11}.
  • Forty weeks, the time covered by the Book of Job {2000 BC}.
  • Goliath defied Israel for forty days {1Sam.17:16}.

Letter from Seneca to Paul

Seneca sent a “book on elegance of expression” (store of words) to Paul, together with a letter, indicating that the message he is writing is too precious to express in bad language {Seventh and Ninth letters between Seneca and Paul}.